BCJ582 Final examination questions and answers

November 25, 2022| admin

BCJ582 Final examination questions and answers




We do custom work 100% original and plagiarism free .If you need help in any assignment just send us requirements with a time limit ,we will quote a price and after your confirmation ,we start working on your assignment .An original work ready for submission provided to you . Email us your requirements at Info.homeworklance@gmail.com





BCJ582 Final examination questions and answers



Relapse prevention programs for sex offenders are designed to ______.



incapacitate offenders so that they are unable to reoffend



provide work opportunities so that offenders will be too busy to reoffend



prevent reoffending through chemical castration



teach offenders ways to avoid high-risk situations, or cope with high risk situations that cannot be avoided so that reoffending will be less likely



Personality characteristics of severely antisocial offenders present challenges for which component of treatment?



administering pharmaceutical treatment



creating a therapeutic alliance



providing skills training



encouraging present centered thinking



Issues of formation of trusting relationships, delays of gratification, separation and individuation, and “working through” are primarily examples of which family therapy model?












social learning



_________ introduces positive reinforcements, in which deviant fantasies are replaced with non-deviant fantasies.



Aversive therapy



Aversive reinforcement strategies



Masturbatory conditioning



Systematic role reinforcement conditioning



The DSM-5 indicates that prevalence rates of APD are between _______ to _______ of the general













0.2%; 3.3%



1.2%; 5.5%



10.2%; 15.6%



20.2%; 25.3%



Outward Bound and Youth Wilderness Programs offer youth offenders opportunities to engage in socially acceptable group activities. Which of the following is NOT an opportunity provided by these programs?



money management



physical conditioning



team training



technical training



Classification subgrouping assists the correctional program in which of the following?



predictions about future behavior



identifying needs



planning treatment



all of the above



_________ is a behavioral strategy in which the client and the counselor agree on what behaviors will be expected from the client and what, in turn, the counselor will provide for the client as well as what other outcomes might occur.



Negative reinforcement



Positive reinforcement



Contingency or behavioral contracting



Token economy



Group counseling is a preferred mode of providing offender treatment because ______.



groups provide the offender with a wealth of new information gathered from interactions with other individuals



offenders challenge each other with feedback



peer group pressure and influence are inherently therapeutic



all of the above









According to research based on the CPAI-2000, a shortcoming found in at least 50 percent of all programs was ______.



clientpreservice assessment



staff characteristics






all of the above



Seeking Safety is a gender-responsive, cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy treatment program that specifically targets women who suffer from a dual diagnosis of ______.



substance abuse and post-traumatic stress disorder



substance abuse and manic depression



substance abuse and bipolar disorder



substance abuse and schizophrenia



Which of the following does NOT constitute a functional treatment component for delinquents?



fully-trained staff



appropriate recreational activities



strengthening their conscience by helping them to ignore their guilt feelings



exploitation of live events



Correctional staff should assign _______ to half-way houses once released from prison.



low-risk offenders



medium-risk offenders



high-risk offenders



none of the above



It is hoped clients will see goal behaviors modeled outside of treatment groups, but treatment efforts are often discouraged when ______.



parents and family members model aggressive behaviors



institutional staff model antisocial behaviors



peers encourage delinquents to revisit criminal behavior



all of the above



Forever Free is a gender-responsive cognitive-behavioral program which addresses ______.











antisocial attitudes



employment and financial independence



anger management



educational attainments



Motivational Interviewing is an approach that can be used by correctional counselors to _________.



enhance an offender’s intrinsic motivation to change



explore and resolve an offender’s ambivalence about change



elicit change talk from an offender



all of the above



Which of the following is TRUE of major depressive disorder?



those with this disorder experience a depressed mood almost every day



it is equally common in men and women



it is not a common inmate experience



it tends to be of low intensity



The statistical technique of meta-analysis ______.



corrects methodological problems of individual studies



allows the summarizing of results across studies



creates a statistic to gauge effectiveness of program types



all of the above



In the curriculum titled Problem Solving, participants are instructed on “the conflict cycle,” which helps them understand how ______.



to make the right choice of what to do



to define the problem and determine resolution



their thinking can lead to consequences



to differentiate facts from opinions



Why is validity regarding classification systems an ethical consideration?



Offenders can be profoundly affected by their correctional classification.



Risk assessments sometimes determine early prison release.











Prison classification systems determine whether an inmate will be placed in a minimum-custody facility or in a medium- or maximum-custody facility.



  1. all of the above



All of the following are recommended non-verbal expressions of approval of a client’s statement or behavior EXCEPT:



eye contact






a sharing of experiences






Burns states that by dwelling on negative details and leaving out the positive aspects, ______













mental filtering






The counselor’s praise of an inmate’s acquisition of a socially appropriate behavior is called ______.



vicarious reinforcement



external reinforcement






covert modeling reinforcement



A major ethical issue is seen in the counselor’s divided loyalties between ______.



practical concerns and ideals



institution and offender



theoretical concepts and practice



all of the above



______, developed by Maxwell Jones, was initially designed to assist returning prisoners of war after World War II.



Human potential seminars



Gestalt group therapy












Milieu therapy



Which of the following is a type of symptom of dysfunctional self-regulation according to Ward and Hudson (2000)?



disinhibition, or loss of control over emotions/behavior



depressive symptoms






identity disturbance, or persistently unstable self-image or sense of self



What are the implications of treating children according to psychoanalytic therapy?



staff should provide treatment in a loving and hygienic environment



focus on ego support through recreational activities



staff should exploit live events in day-to-day living



all of the above



The most successful substance abuse interventions are ______.



educational approaches



psychotherapy approaches



cognitive-behavioral approaches



confrontational approaches



Agencies could incur serious problems with treatment integrity if they ______.



omit adequate training



develop treatment manuals



implement the program as it was designed



maintain good relationships with the participants



All of the following are ways in which helping professionals can be sensitized to ethnic variations







suggesting ways in which the operating procedures of the criminal justice system come into conflict with the values and lifestyles of people from specific ethnic backgrounds



clarifying the likely sources of conflict between service providers and clients from specific ethnic groups



enrolling in a foreign language program to communicate better with a specific ethnic group



providing greater understanding of the specific needs of the people from specific backgrounds









All of the following are examples of problematic staff characteristics identified by the Correctional Program Assessment Inventory EXCEPT:



staff have large gaps of knowledge regarding criminological theories of criminal behavior



staff lack basic concepts of classical and operant conditioning



staff were authoritarian and often displayed favoritism



staff were hired based on characteristics instead of clinical experience and training



How do women often become involved in substance use?



through family members



through friends



through significant others



all of the above



The treatment implications of the risk principle include ______.



identifying high-, medium-, and low-risk offenders



directing intensive treatment efforts to high- and medium-risk offenders



refraining from assigning low-risk offenders to intensive interventions



all of the above



For a person to be considered intellectually disabled, his or her IQ score must be about ______ or below AND be accompanied by deficits in adaptive behavior.















When a behavioral therapist creates a situation for a client in which aversive elements are woven into a story involving a desired object, it is known as ______.






negative reinforcement



covert sensitization



systematic desensitization



Treatment of psychopathy can be conducted in a group setting under all of the following conditions













A proportion of the participants must be non-psychopathic.



Entry to the group must be open.



The group must contain an equal amount of males and females.



Individuals who are further along in the stages of change must serve as learning models for those in earlier stages.



Which of the following is a criticism of person-centered therapy?



Offenders could misinterpret paraphrasing as tacit approval for their behavior.



The counselor may appear to be reinforcing inappropriate behavior.



Therapy does not address or confront the offender’s behavior.



all of the above



Transfer training ______.



helps clients to generalize newly learned behaviors outside of the treatment setting



includes role-playing in a variety of situations



may involve overlearning material



all of the above



______ focuses on stress management, distress acceptance, and emotional control.



Aversive therapy



Dialectical Behavioral Therapy



Social skills training



Psychoanalytic therapy



_________ is a therapeutic intervention that assists offenders’ ability to understand the feelings of others and challenges offenders’ cognitive distortions.



Empathy training






Covert desensitization



Aversion therapy



Intervention for psychopathic sex offenders should also include which type of strategy?






relapse prevention















In treating an offender who requires medication to control a mental disorder, which of the following professionals would be legally qualified to administer such a medication?






clinical social worker









What are the implications when staff do not conduct a thorough review of the literature and its effectiveness before implementing a proposed program?



they may repeat the mistakes of others



they may be chasing the latest panacea



they may be following a hunch



all of the above



The second level of communication, which can convey as much information as the verbal content of conversation, is known as ______.



nonverbal language












What can the counselor do to avoid extended debates with offenders?



point out the thinking errors that led to the offenders’ consequences



terminate the counseling session for the time being



point out the self-defeating nature of the offenders’ behavior



all of the above



Freud, Rogers, and others discouraged the use of family therapy because ______.



they were afraid that family secrets might be discussed



they saw such a move as contaminating the client-therapist relationship



longitudinal studies convinced them that family therapy was ineffective











international governing bodies refused to fund research on family studies



Most people who commit suicide ______.



never give any warning of what they plan to do



communicate their intent to a correctional counselor, but not to other inmates or family members



communicate their intent to other inmates or family members, either directly or indirectly



do so impulsively, with no time to give any warning



Penile plethysmography ______.



is controversial because its use involves the presentation of deviant stimuli



is one of the most reliable ways to determine whether a person is a sexual offender



measures a person’s arousal patterns by recording brain wave activity while the person sleeps



all of the above



The ______ model of substance abuse views alcoholism as a result of personal choice.















_________ is the assessment tool that is used most frequently.



Psychopathy Checklist–Revised



Inventory of Psychopathic Traits



Structured Clinical Interview for Personality Disorders



Antisocial Personality Questionnaire



When counseling offenders in a group setting, it is important to know that they ______.



are all criminals



are all motivated to change



are often not motivated to change



love the warden



Major depressive disorder differs from dysthymia in that ______.



intermittent normal moods may last a few days or weeks in major depression, but not in dysthymia









major depressive disorder must include sexual dysfunction



major depressive disorder requires more symptoms and they are present for a longer duration than in dysthymia



dysthymia is of a longer duration than major depressive disorder



The primary goal of Albert Ellis’s Rational Emotive Therapy is to ______.



challenge and confront the client’s incorrect and maladaptive beliefs



identify maladaptive schemas or patterns of cognitive distortion that may be resulting in unhappiness and/or depression



expose clients to stress under controlled conditions so that they can gain more effective ways of coping



learn a functional approach to social problem solving



The defense mechanism of finding an acceptable reason for doing something unacceptable is known as ______.















In ______, one negative event is seen as a never-ending pattern of defeat.



all-or-nothing thinking












The function of the _________ is to balance the wishes of the _________, the social demands of



_________, and the requirements of one’s external environment.




superego; id; ego



ego; id; superego



id; ego; superego



id; superego; ego



According to the text, the major difference in family therapy models is primarily in their ______.



dislike of each other









accusations that the other has poorly constructed longitudinal studies



treatment focus, or the type of family problem that is addressed in therapy d. none of the above



The process by which family members distort the experiences of other members by denial or relabeling is known as ______.









the double bind



therapeutic paradox



The use of shock treatment is MOST closely associated with which of the following treatments?



covert sensitization



aversive imagery



aversion therapy



systematic reinforcement therapy



Which of the following is an example of a negative schizophrenic symptom?



hallucinations, both visual and auditory



emotional turmoil resulting from internal confusion



emotional unresponsiveness



delusions or thought disorders



Gender-responsive practices include ______.



gender-informed risk/needs assessments



female-specific programming



trauma-informed policies, supervision, and treatment



all of the above



Which of the following statements is NOT a technique used by the radical behavioral approach to substance abuse treatment?



free association



stimuli manipulation



community reinforcement









gaining alternative sources of pleasure



Which of the following is NOT a facet of the four-factor model of psychopathy?















Domains on the Gender Informed Practices Assessment include ______.



leadership and philosophy



staffing and training



assessment and classification



all of the above



In the final stage of Postconventional Reasoning ______.



decisions are predicated on the desire to avoid punishment



decisions reflect a desire to maintain social institutions



ethical principles and respect for others are used to generate moral decisions



moral reasoning reflects an application of the “Golden Rule”



Many counselors are reluctant to build personal involvement with offenders because they ______.



have very little time to do so due to their heavy caseloads



are aware that personal involvement with offenders is unethical



fear manipulation and exploitation from the offenders



fear becoming overly emotionally involved with the offenders



Cognitive skills programs that include Living Skills have provided offenders with a foundation for later modules such as ______.



community reintegration



parenting skills



managing their finances



all of the above



Which group of offenders may not respond well to a system of rewards and punishments?











persons with psychopathic personality traits



children diagnosed with conduct disorder



adults diagnosed with antisocial personality disorder

all of the above



The ______ maintains that needs related to future offending should receive high priority as we match offenders to programs.



risk principle



needs principle



responsivity principle



gender-responsive principle



Which of the following is not a component to managing severely antisocial offenders within correctional institutions?






solitary confinement









The American Correctional Association recommends supplementing needs assessments with







presentence investigations



medical reports



psychological evaluations



all of the above



Skill Streaming is a component of a treatment package called ______.



Attribution Replacement Training



Aggression Replacement Training



Anger Replacement Training



Antisocial Replacement Training



Which of the following variables determines how much influence a model will have?



the functional value of the behaviors observed











the observer’s perceptual set toward the model



characteristics of the model, such as attractiveness d. all of the above



Which of the following is NOT a new direction in the evolution of correctional classification and assessment?



internal personality assessments



gender-responsive correctional classification and assessment



development of risk models for specific types of offenders



seamless classification systems



There are _________ major diagnostic classes in the DSM-5.















Which of the following is NOT an example of psychological classification?



Interpersonal Maturity Level (I-level)



Salient Factor Score



Adult Internal Management System (AIMS)



Megargee MMPI-based typology



Which of the following represents a major problem in the area of correction recreation?



an increase in physical conflicts among inmates



the inability of physically disabled offenders to participate



the perception that the recreation specialist is no more than an activity coordinator



the current debate about the effectiveness of recreation as treatment



Which of the following is a domain of the six-dimensional model of psychopathy?




















all of the above



Establishing a meaningful relationship with the offender ______.



is important to establishing interpersonal boundaries



is essential to successful counseling



prevents the counselor from confronting the offender with the irresponsible decisions that led to his or her incarceration



none of the above



According to the ______ approach, substance abuse may be an attempt to “medicate” feelings of emptiness, rage, or depression (Wurmser, 1984).



radical behavioral



social learning









The primary focus of the institutional counselor known as the _________ is often to help inmates survive the stresses of prison life.



probation officer



parole officer



case manager



prison chaplain



Collateral information can be enlightening to a counselor because ______.



many offenders are masters of deceit



collateral information can help present a comprehensive impression of the offender



offenders tend to present themselves to their counselors in a favorable light



all of the above



Involving family members in the rehabilitation of offenders makes sense for which of the following reasons?



it curbs family violence



it assists an offender on his or her return to society



both a and b



none of the above









Andrews and Bonta noted a number of common criminogenic needs. Which of the following is NOT a criminogenic need?



antisocial associates



antisocial values and attitudes



antisocial personality characteristics



family history of antisocial behavior



Which of the following items is NOT examined when assessing a client’s sexual development?



toilet training experiences



adjustment to puberty



history of sexual victimization



attitudes toward sex



Which of the following is NOT an example of a family therapy model?



psychoanalytic family therapy



classical conditioned family therapy



structural family therapy



communications family therapy



Which of the following is NOT a component of The Containment Approach?



an underlying philosophy that places a priority to offender protection



reliance upon multiagency coordination and cooperation



an offender supervision model that emphasizes risk management individualized to the needs of each sex offender



a consistent set of multi-agency policies and protocols



Studies of the use of family therapy within the criminal justice system have noted that this treatment approach is used primarily with ______.



stalkers and perverts



military prisoners at Ft. Leavenworth



alcoholics and other drug abusers



child molesters and comatose inmates



What special needs do female offenders often present to counselors?











problems with their relationships with other offenders b. problems with their relationships with their children c. problems caused by physical abuse in their past

both b and c



Which of the following is a common pathway female offenders experience?



the low self-esteem pathway



the financial pathway



the relational pathway



the depression and anxiety pathway



Client responsivity characteristics important to substance abuse include ______.



motivation for change






ethnicity and gender



all of the above



Which characteristic is NOT descriptive of desirable curricula for female correctional populations?












based on the principles of effective treatment intervention



All of the following are ways in which the modeling provided by others facilitates our own learning







demonstrating how to perform a new behavior



providing a social context for who to perform the behavior with



prompting or showing us how to use the behavior at the appropriate times



motivating us, or increasing our desire to use a new skill or behavior



In a therapeutic relationship, a correctional counselor exhibits ______.

















distant boundaries



authoritarian power



In Maletzky’s 1980 study using covert sensitization in the treatment of exhibitionists, _________



percent of the clients learned to eliminate all overt exhibitionist behaviors.
















Which of the following approaches to offender treatment are recommended by the principles of effective interventions?



radical behavioral, cognitive-behavioral, and social learning



psychodynamic, operant conditioning, and family therapy



Guided Group Interaction, nondirective phenomenological, and restitution



self-help, object relations, and psychodrama



In recent years, ______ have been viewed as the “gold standard” for determining whether or not a program is effective in reducing offender recidivism.



systematic reviews



quantitative analyses






case studies



All of the following are reasons why continuity of care is needed EXCEPT:



when the offender has a chronic problem



when the offender is not motivated to change



when the offender is being “handed off” to a different agency



when the offender begins a re-entry program



Which of the following are clear advantages of the use of group counseling?



Groups may be open or closed.



Groups are more economical and provide input to inmates.



Groups provide inmates with structured and unstructured experiences.











  1. all of the above



Guided Group Interaction programs were initially designed for which of the following groups?






adult offenders



addict-run drug addiction groups



all of the above

Categories: Uncategorized

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.