Barriers to Teachers in Implementing Adoptable Evidence-Based In

Barriers to Teachers in Implementing Adoptable Evidence-Based Interventions

Barriers to Teachers in Implementing Adoptable Evidence-Based Interventions in Public Classrooms Serving Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) During the Preschool Years

For people with autism, evidence-based practices (EBPs) have been linked to better learning outcomes (Barry, Holloway, & McMahon, 2020). This allows teachers to evaluate pupils without taking into account assessments from other classes or groups, focusing only on the learning that has taken place in the classroom. However, it has been observed that several classroom-based strategies used by school teachers are used despite having little to no scientific backing for their efficacy and suitability for students with autism. There are several theories that attempt to explain the variables that influence how these evidence-based methods are implemented by trainers and the entire staff in schools. However, these variable elements have not yet been defined in the context of autism education. The inadequacies in the teaching staff’s education, which may include their lack of computer literacy and English language proficiency, serve as a barrier to the implementation of evidence-based approaches. These elements could negatively affect how well students with autism spectrum disorders perform in the classroom (Azad, et al., 2021). These studies used a qualitative method and gathered both verbal and written comments from preschool teachers and school administrators as part of a wider initiative to translate and initially test an evidence-based intervention. In performing the research design, a grounded theory-based approach was used (Gigante-Barrera, et al., 2022). Barriers were found in the areas of teacher competency, participation, and coherence, difficulties in coaching learners with Autism, time and other resource constraints, and administrative support. In their thoughts on these barriers, educators and administrators have diverse points of view. It is still unclear what hinders or facilitates school employees implement evidence-based approaches for autism. An overview of the existing literature is given in this review, although more thorough investigation is still required.


Developmental impairment known as autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is brought on by variations in the brain. Communication and social interaction issues, as well as repetitive or limited actions or interests, are common in people with ASD. Additionally, people with ASD have distinct ways of learning, acting and interacting with others (Marlow, Servili, & Tomlinson, 2019). Researchers are placing more emphasis on finding interventions and practices that are most likely to enhance quality of life for people with autism as diagnoses rise globally. There is presently no cure for this lifelong neurological illness, which affects social and communication skills. The majority of children with autism will likely experience worse outcomes in terms of their schooling, health, and quality of life than their neurotypical peers, according to a research consensus. Students with ASD may find it difficult to assimilate sensory information in the classroom and may avoid or seek out sensory stimuli. While some students may struggle with executive functioning, which can make it difficult to break thought patterns and approach problems in novel ways, others may have trouble finishing assignments or planning ahead. Children with autism may exhibit a high level of challenging behavior. For instance, autistic kids and teens may refuse or ignore requests, act out in ways that are inappropriate for their age, such as taking off their clothes in public, or act aggressively. Their interactions with other children and teachers may be impacted by these habits.

Evidence-based practices (EBPs) are best defined as the use of research-based treatments that are individually adapted to each patient’s requirements, preferences, and cultural expectations by a skilled therapist. Numerous methodically sound studies carried out by numerous independent research teams have shown the effectiveness of this establishment in influencing target behaviors. This study has therefore been duly recommended to be used in the learning processes of children with autism and it has been named as key in improving the learning outcomes and the general interaction between the students and their educators.The stress and fatigue that instructors of autistic children frequently face has also been shown to be lessened by EBPs(Barry, Holloway, & McMahon, 2020).

Research problem statement

Researchers must develop strategies and methods that are going to enhance the quality of life for people with autism, as the number of children receiving diagnoses of the disorder rises globally. Since autism is a neurodevelopmental illness that affects communication and social interaction throughout life, students who have it are likely to experience worse outcomes in terms of their education, health, and quality of life than their neurotypical counterparts. Therefore, there is need to come up with strategies on how best the evidence-based practices (EBPs) can be implemented to assist the educators and the students in having better learning outcomes and an improved social interaction between the students themselves and also student-teacher interactions. Additionally, a lot of teachers and administrators in schools for kids with autism are very skeptical about the viability of putting evidence-based methods into reality in practical settings.

Research purpose

Since most autistic children over the age of five spend their time in formal schooling, the school environment has been recognized as an essential context for using efficient EBPs. This study’s sole purpose is to understand the value of the educational setting and how EBPs when implemented correctly may help those with autism spectrum disorders achieve better academic results. Evidence-based approaches are increasingly being prioritized when instructing people with autism.

This research is required to describe the intervention components that can be implemented by educators, increasing the likelihood that they will be adopted. This review is aimed at shedding some light on the challenges that evidence-based practices face while being implemented in public school settings. Lack of proper training for teachers to effectively teaching students with ASD is one significant hurdle.

Research participants

Approximately 1 in 68 kids worldwide have an autism spectrum disorder as of today. Teachers typically find it challenging to adequately address the requirements of autistic students, who can offer unique obstacles to schools. The target demographic for this study will therefore consist of groups of teachers and administrators at schools for kids living with ASD, the students (with ASD) themselves, the parents of the students, and community education stakeholders in order for the research to be effective.

Research hypothesis

  • Why does many teachers and administrators in schools for kids with autism very skeptical about the viability of putting evidence-based methods into reality in practical settings?
  • Are the barriers faced in implementing the evidence-based practices to blame for the poor learning outcomes in classes for students with ASD?
  • Is evidence-based learning intervention enough to sort the learning problems that are faced by teachers handling students with autism when implemented in the right way?

Literature Review

With the number of people with autism increasing, school systems urgently need evidence-based practices, cost-effective, and efficient educational service delivery models that can meet both the practical demands of teachers and the intensive, specialized learning needs of students with ASD (Pintello, 2020). Although there are numerous evidence-based treatments for autism that have been discovered in earlier literature, research has indicated that these practices are still not being used in educational settings. Although the causes of this research-to-practice gap are still not fully understood, it is clear that it is related to the larger problem of EBPs in the field of education. A slew of research have discovered that both human and organizational issues, such as a lack of time to review books, the never ending heavy duties and workload for teachers in schools, a lack expertise in EBP delivery, and insufficient resources, are all linked to barriers to the adoption of EBPs.

Nevertheless, research is required to examine the barriers and facilitators to the implementation of evidence-based practices in autism education specifically, given the special challenges of educating children with autism, such as the unique behavioral challenges associated with autism, and the increased stress teachers who teach students with autism experience. In earlier writings, a number of theories have attempted to explain both the gaps in evidence-based practice implementation in schools and the practices themselves. The scope review format and the grounded theory-based methodology are two examples of this idea. However in this case study the focus is going to be majorly on the grounded theory-based approach (Zamani, &Babaei, 2021).

Research findings

Many of the impediments to the successful use of evidence-based practice (EBP) have been demonstrated to stem from a technical paradigm of professional action that is predicated on the concept of cause and effect. To put it another way, an educator simply needs to carry out a few interventions in a particular manner for a predicted outcome to occur. However, if we put the autistic student at the center of our considerations and have a clear idea of the learning outcomes we hope the student will attain, we will see interventions as chances for students to react to, make sense of, and learn from. Through this perspective, the use of evidence-based practices becomes a tool at our disposal as we engage in a problem-solving process with the teacher, the student, and their family to take into account which procedures are most likely to achieve our mutually agreed-upon goals in a given situation.

The interviews revealed that an effective application of evidence-based procedures guarantees that people with autism spectrum disorder receive assistance that will raise their quality of life. When creating regulations and service providers for these people, these practices are taken into consideration.

Three main conclusions emerged when we actively solicited input from community stakeholders regarding the obstacles to the adoption of effective EBP interventions in public preschool settings. First, it was found that the main implementation challenges were in line with those reported in the general and non-autistic special education literature. Second, it was clear that perceptions of execution difficulties varied amongst educators and educational administrators. Last but not least, remedies to hurdles were discernible and included procedures for intervention simplification and integrating intervention components into well-known and approachable instructional techniques.

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Written by Ecadimi

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