PSYC 100 Final Exam Answers


0.The visual receptors in the eyes called ___________ function best in dim lighting and are primarily black-and-white brightness receptors.

  1. rods
  2. cones
  3. fovea

d.ganglion cells


Question 51

Making a grocery list and taking notes for a class are both examples of _____________, which refers to encoding that is initiated intentionally and requires conscious attention.

  1. effortful processing


  1. automatic processing


  1. maintenance rehearsal


  1. state-dependent memory



Question 52

If I present you with the word “BOOK” and ask you if this word contains all lowercase letters, answering this question involves the use of ___________ encoding.

  1. structural


  1. phonological


  1. episodic


  1. semantic

Question 53

A person uses the term “HOMES” to remember the names of the Great Lakes (Huron, Ontario, Michigan, Erie, Superior). This memory-enhancing technique is best viewed as an example of:

  1. maintenance rehearsal.


  1. the use of hierarchies.


  1. chunking.


  1. an acronym.


Question 54

In the case of the amnesia patient H.M. presented in the text, it was found that:

  1. his declarative memory and procedural memory were severely impaired.


  1. his procedural memory functioned normally but his declarative memory was severely impaired.


  1. his episodic memory functioned normally but his semantic memory and procedural memory were severely impaired.


  1. his semantic memory functioned normally but his episodic memory and procedural memory were severely impaired.




Question 55

Fill-in-the-blank questions, true or false questions, and essay questions allow professors to assess your:

  1. procedural memory


  1. episodic memory


  1. implicit memory


  1. semantic memory.


Question 56

Research has found that self-generating many retrieval cues is a technique that facilitates memory. It is assumed that this type of processing facilitates encoding by:

  1. making the information more declarative.


  1. limiting the impact of retroactive interference.


  1. providing deeper and more elaborative processing.


  1. making use of state-dependent learning effects.


Question 57

Imagine that you have studied for an exam in a noisy environment and your state of physiological arousal has been low while you were studying. If on the day of the exam you were given the test in a quiet environment and your physiological arousal was high (due to test anxiety), the concept of state-dependent memory would predict that your recall would be __________ and the concept of context-dependent memory would predict that your recall would __________.




  1. worse; also be worse


  1. better; be worse


  1. worse; be better


  1. better; also be better


Question 58

Retroactive interference is said to occur when ____________ material in memory interferes with the recall of ____________ material.




  1. older; newly acquired


  1. older; other older


  1. newly acquired; other newly acquired


  1. newly acquired; older


Question 59

___________ amnesia is said to occur when memory loss occurs for events that happened prior to the onset of the amnesia.




  1. Anterograde


  1. Retrograde


  1. Proactive


  1. Prospective


Question 60

When you enter a nice restaurant, you typically expect that a host or hostess will seat you, that you will receive a menu before you order, and that you will receive a bill at the conclusion of the meal. These thoughts together are best considered to be an example of:

  1. a retrieval cue.


  1. priming.


  1. overlearning.


  1. a schema.