GED 210 Introduction to Cultural Anthropology Unit 4 Examination


  1. The term “second world” is used to refer to:
  • modern, industrialized nation-states
  • what used to be called the soviet union and other communist countries
  • undeveloped, nonindustrialized countries
  • traditional, pre-state societies affected by contact with the modern world


  1. Since the 1960s, the Ju/’Hoansi San have become:
  • increasingly independent and isolated from the modern world
  • middle class citizens of the nation of South Africa
  • increasingly dependent upon government assistance
  • one of the few indigenous societies to become financially independent


  1. The introduction of a cash economy has disrupted traditional Ju/’Hoansi patterns of:
  • egalitarianism and reciprocity
  • food storage and redistribution
  • centralized decision-making
  • rapid population growth


  1. Resettlement of Mbuti Pygmies on plantations outside the rainforest by the government of zaire has resulted in their:
  • participation in the national political process
  • contribution to the economy through taxation
  • increased success at agricultural production
  • declining health


  1. The Ju/’Hoansi or San Foragers inhabit the modern nations of:
  • South Africa, Namibia, and Botswana
  • Democratic Republic of the Congo and Rwanda
  • Uganda, Kenya, and Tanzania
  • Venezuela and Brazil


  1. Conflict between the Iroquois and other indigenous tribal groups in the 1600s was not due to:
  • the introduction of guns and ammunition by the French
  • dependence on European goods
  • depletion of beavers and other fur-bearing animals vital to trade
  • ancient traditions of blood revenge and glory on the warpath


  1. The displacement of Native Americans from their tribal lands in the U.S. in order to make the land available to white settlers was:
  • accompanied mostly by outlaws and hired guns
  • a formal policy of the United States government
  • a myth invented by radical Indian activists
  • undertaken mostly by foreign immigrants


  1. An example of cultural assimilation is:
  • the popularity of Chinese restaurants
  • interracial dating
  • english as a second language
  • minority quotas for college enrollments


  1. An example of biological assimilation is:
  • school segregation
  • interethnic marriage
  • ethnic cleansing
  • immigration quotas


  1. The systematic attempt to kill and totally eliminate a particular ethnic group is:
  • apartheid
  • fratricide
  • ethnocide
  • genocide


  1. Which of the following is not a pattern of ethnic interaction?
  • segregation
  • ethnic cleansing
  • fratricide
  • genocide


  1. An ethnic group may be distinguished by all but one of the following criteria:
  • language
  • religion
  • biology
  • shared historical past


  1. The famous American anthropologist ___________ subjected scientific racist beliefs to rigoroustesting and evaluation; he found that there are no superior or inferior races.
  • Johann Blumenbach
  • Joseph Arthur de Gobineau
  • Carolus Linnaeus
  • Franz Boas


  1. The one-child policy in china has been:
  • effective at reducing the birthrate
  • useless at reversing trends of runaway population growth
  • most accepted in agricultural areas
  • accepted without protest by both urban and rural populations


  1. Between 1980 and 1990, the annual growth rate in china fell from ________ to 1.4 Percent.
  • 3
  • 4
  • 0
  • 4


  1. Which of the following countries is likely to have the lowest per capita energy consumption?
  • Sudan
  • Japan
  • Mexico
  • Canada


  1. Because of human activities and growth, it is estimated that at least one species becomes extinct every day. In fact, biologist E.O. Wilson thinks, with the expansion of industrialism, mechanized agriculture and deforestation, as many as one-fourth of the world’s plant families will become extinct by the end of the next century. The loss of this ___________ is a major concern for many individuals since we, as humans, are dependent upon these living organisms for our own survival (for food and medicinal applications).
  • biodiversity
  • doubling time
  • green space
  • greenhouse


  1. In the 1970s, a group of scientists known as the Club of Rome got together to assess global trends and predict the future of the world and the people in it. Using a neo-malthusian perspective and computer models, they predicted:
  • there will be an infinite supply of natural resources for hundreds of years to come because biotechnology will make land more productive, and humans will invent new ways of doing things
  • the world, as we know it, will end abruptly in 2048 because of the greenhouse effect, coupled with a nuclear winter
  • current global trends in population growth, energy consumption, and environmental pollution will exhaust the world’s natural resources within the next 100 years
  • biodiversity will increase, slowly smothering the world and all its occupants


  1. Julian Simon has challenged the doomsday model since he believes the problems of pollution and environmental stress will ultimately be solved because:
  • space aliens will not allow the human race to become extinct
  • world population will decrease due to epidemic diseases like aids
  • human creativity and science will provide the key to solving all problems
  • human populations cannot exceed the earth’s carrying capacity


  1. While studying the use of crack cocaine in Spanish Harlem, anthropologist Philippe Bourgois found that:
  • crack dealers viewed their clients as “lost souls” ripe for exploitation and manipulation
  • crack dealing was viewed as the most realistic route to upward mobility and the achievement of the American dream
  • crack users could be effectively treated by administering high doses of heroin combined with methadone
  • children under the age of five were often used to manufacture and distribute crack when police activities increased in an area


  1. Even though there are numerous pieces of legislation aimed at curtailing pot hunting, this practice still persists. The text example of the looting of the __________ is an excellent illustration of the problems that exist.
  • left bank of the Seine
  • Slack farm site in Kentucky
  • southern banks of the Nile
  • Big Dog site in Idaho


  1. Whereas most archaeologists have traditionally found employment in universities or museums, many are now working as applied archaeologists specializing in what is known as:
  • application archaeology
  • cultural resource management
  • excavation archaeology
  • exhumation regulation


  1. Early twentieth century anthropologists argued that since there are no universal moral values, each society’s values are valid with respect to the specific circumstances and conditions of that society. Hence, no society can claim to be in a superior position in regard to morals or ethics. The view that we cannot impose the values of one society on other societies is called:
  • ethical relativism
  • moral dilemma
  • social morality
  • social ethics



  1. In order to tolerate practices such as racism, child abuse, spouse abuse, homicide, torture, human sacrifice, and the mass murder (genocide) of Jews, gypsies, and homosexuals by the Nazis, one would have to abide strictly by the principle of:
  • lost causes
  • misplaced perceptions
  • ethical relativism
  • moral turpitude


  1. Which of the following is a way to resolve the philosophical and moral dilemmas posed by a strict adherence to the doctrine of ethical relativism?
  • acknowledging that the standards of western culture are always superior to those of non-western cultures
  • formulating a universal standard of humanitarian ethics, such as the protection of individuals from bodily harm
  • adhering to a policy of strict non-intervention in any decisions that would affect behavior in pre-state societies of the third world
  • acceptance of any behavior as long as it is practiced by individuals within the context of their own society