CRMJ400 Criminology – all discussions , full course project and midterm


devry crmj400 week 1 discussion dq 1 & dq 2 discussion


dq 1


Thinking Like a criminologist (graded)


TCO#1 focuses on developing an understanding of criminology as a discipline, including its various theoretical perspective and historical developments. Over the years, three major theoretical approaches have emerged that current criminologists use to study crime. They are conflict theory, consensus theory, and interactionist theory. Let’s start our discussion by distinguishing among these three theoretical perspectives.



dq 2


Researching crime & describing crime rates(graded)


TCO#2 focuses on the various research methods criminologists use to study crime in order to understand and explain crime patterns and crime rates. To begin our discussion let’s focus on addressing the following question: if you want to know if males were more violent than females, what research method or methods (data collection method) would you use and why?



devry crmj400 week 2 discussion dq 1 & dq 2 discussion


dq 1


Blaming the victim? (graded)


Let’s start our discussion of victimology by addressing the following question. Does a person bear some of the responsibility for his or her victimization if the person maintains a lifestyle that contributes to the changes of becoming a victim? In other words, should we blame the victim? (Related to TCO#3.)





Just desert and deterrence (graded)


Classical Criminology and rational choice theory assume that individuals are rational beings who make choices about the kinds of behavior in which they will engage, including criminal behavior. This assumption raises several questions that are related to deterrence and crime prevention policies. Let start our discussion by drawing on Andrew Von Hirsch’s just desert theory as a framework for criminal justice policies. What are the basic ideas of his just desert theory and how does it relate to the crime prevention policy of deterrence? (Relate to TCO#4.)



devry crmj400 week 3 discussion dq 1 & dq 2 discussion


dq 1


Biological & psychological theories (graded)


The American Psychiatric Association believes a person should not be held legally responsible for a crime if his or her behavior meets the following standard developed by legal expert Richard Bonnie: ‘A person charged with a criminal offense should be found not guilty by reason of insanity if it is shown that as a result of mental disease or mental retardation he was unable to appreciate the wrongfulness of his conduct at the time of the offense.’ As used in this standard, the terms mental diseaseandmental retardationinclude only those severely abnormal mental conditions that grossly and demonstrably impair a person’s perception or understanding of reality and that are not attributable primarily to the voluntary ingestion of alcohol or other psychoactive substances. As a criminologist with expertise on trait theories of crime, do you agree with this standard? What modifications, if any, might you make to include other categories of offenders who are not excused by this definition? (Relate to TCO#4.



dq 2


Social structure theories of crime (graded)



On page 185 of our textbook, Larry Seigel talks about the code of the streets which is based on the work of Elijah Anderson by the same name. Let’s start our discussion of social structure theories by addressing the follow question: Does the code of the street as described by Anderson, apply to the neighborhood in which you were raised? (Relate to TCO#4.)



devry crmj400 week 4 discussion dq 1 & dq 2 discussion



dq 1


Do negative labels result in crime? (graded)


One of the important social process theories we will be studying this week is labeling theory. With this theory in mind, let’s address the following questions: Do negative labels cause crime or do people who commit crime become negatively labeled? In other words, do deviant/criminal labels influence or result in further deviance or crime? (Related to TCO#4).



dq 2

The issue of restorative justice (graded)


Restorative justice, based on critical criminology, is an alternative humanistic response to more punitive sanctions. How would a conservative policy maker reply to a call for more restorative justice? (Related to TC#4).



devry crmj400 week 5 discussion dq 1 & dq 2 discussion latest 2016 may



dq 1


A subculture of violence (graded)


The discussion topic of a subculture of violence is relevant for both a discussion of criminal violence and political violence or terrorism. To start our discussion let me ask if you think there is a subculture of violence in your community and/or the nation. If so, how would you describe its environment and values? (Relate to TCO#5.)



dq 2


Property crimes (graded)


To start our discussion on property crimes consider the following questions: What are the characteristics of good burglars? Can you compare their career path to any other professionals? (Relate to TCO#5.)



devry crmj400 week 6 discussion dq 1 & dq 2 discussion


dq 1


Organized crime (graded)


Organized crime has long been associated with immigrants coming to the United States and seeking the American Dream. If we think of Robert Merton’s strain theory organized crime as carried out by immigrant groups can be seen as innovators. To what extent do you think that organized crime is a feature of or a common practice among old and new immigrants? (Relate to TCO#5)



dq 2


Public disorder: a victimless crime (graded)


Public disorder crimes are considered crimes because they conflict with accepted moral rules. Some people have suggested the public disorder crimes should not be considered crimes because (1) it is hard to legislate morality and (2) public disorder crimes do not necessarily involve a victim. To start our discussion let’s address the question: are public disorder crimes victimless crimes? (Relate to TCO#5)



devry crmj400 week 7 discussion dq 1 & dq 2 discussion


dq 1


Concepts of justice (graded)


Criminal justice operations are based on philosophies of justice. Oftentimes there are competing philosophies of justice at work within the criminal justice system and within the wider society. Which one of the five models of justice do you think is the foundation for the criminal justice system in the

United States? (Relate to TCO#s 6, 7, & 8)


dq 2


Privatization of corrections (graded)


There has been a growing movement toward the privatization of corrections. Given pressures on state budgets, it is likely that the move toward privatization of corrections will increase. Let’s start our discussion by addressing the question: Should private companies be allowed to run correctional institutions? (Relate to TCO#s 6, 7, & 8)



Paper Description


Each student will write an original 8–10 page typed double-spaced position or issue paper, (exclusive of the title page, abstract, and bibliography) dealing with some aspect of criminology. Students will select a relevant criminology issue. The topic will be submitted during Week 1 for instructor approval. Once students have approval from the instructor, they may start the research process on their issue. Once the issue has been approved, each student will write: (1) an introduction indicating why the issue is important; (2) a description of the issue, describing both sides of the issue; and (3) close by stating his or her reasoned position on the issue. The paper must include at least 10 scholarly sources (Wikipedia is not considered a scholarly source) and it must be in APA style. Students will submit various sections of the paper as the course progresses with the final paper due at the end of Week 6. For more details, see the course project under the course home menu.

The learning objective of this course project is to help students gain an in-depth understanding of an issue related to criminology. In addition, students will demonstrate their critical thinking abilities by presenting both sides of an issue and developing their own positions on their chosen issues. The paper should represent the student’s best professional research and writing. As such, students should pay careful attention to paragraphing, sentence structure, quotation conventions, spelling, appropriate citations, and other aspects of grammar.

This paper will address terminal course objectives, although which course objectives the paper will address will vary depending on the content of the paper.



The table below provides details on the parts of the deliverables, the description, and the due date for each.

Due Date Deliverable Description
Week 1 Topic Selection Please post your chosen topic/issue for my approval in the dropbox titled ‘Week 1: Course paper.’ See Syllabus/’Due Dates for Assignments & Exams’ for due date information. This can be done anytime during Week 1. Once I have given you approval, you can start your research. Grading criteria: content is worth a possible 10 points (3.0%)
Week 2 Part One: Introduction and description of the issue The first part of the paper introduces the issue (why is it important) and provides a brief description of the issue. This section should be at least one to two pages in length. Place part one in the dropbox titled ‘Week 2: Course paper.’ See Syllabus/’Due Dates for Assignments & Exams’ for due date information.

Grading criteria: content is worth a possible 30 points (10%).

Week 3 Part Two: Discussion of both sides of the issue The second part of the paper is a discussion of both sides of the issue; that is the pros and cons. This section of the paper should be five to six pages in length. Place part two in the dropbox titled ‘Week 3: Course paper.’

See Syllabus/’Due Dates for Assignments & Exams’ for due date information.

Grading criteria: content is worth a possible 60 points (20%).

Week 5 Part Three: Discussion of your own position on the issue The third part of the paper is a discussion of the student’s own position on the issue taking into consideration the opposing position. In other words, in this section of the paper students develop their own positions on their chosen issues. This section of the paper should be two to three pages in length. Place part three in the dropbox titled ‘Week 5: Course paper.’ See Syllabus/’Due Dates for Assignments & Exams’ for due date information.

Grading criteria: content is worth a possible 45 points (15%).

Week 6 Final Paper Submission The final paper includes all three parts of the paper. In other words, the final paper will consists of three parts:

  1. Introduction and description of the issue,
  2. a discussion of both sides of the issue, and
  3. the student’s position on the issue.

Submit your assignment in the dropbox titled ‘Week 6: Course paper.’ The final paper is worth a possible 155 points.

Grading criteria: content is worth a possible 65 points (22%); editing is worth 30 points (10%); organization 30 points (10%); and documentation is worth 30 points (10%) of your final grade. More details on how this assignment will be graded see the grading rubric below.


For instructions on how to use the Dropbox, please click here.

Grading Criteria

The final paper will be graded using the following criteria.

  • Content 70% (210 points): The paper needs to demonstrate depth and scope of research; an introduction to the issue and a presentation of both sides of the issue; illustrations and examples as relevant; and the use of logic including a well reasoned position on the issue. The draft parts will be considered late if they are not posted on their due dates.
  • Editing 10% (30 points): The paper needs to be error free in terms of spelling, punctuation, and grammar; clearly written sentences with no factual mistakes.
  • Organization 10% (30 points): The organizational structure of the paper needs to include an introduction, a discussion that contains both sides of the issue, and the student’s own position, including a conclusion. The paper needs to use headings and sub-headings following APA style.
  • Documentation 10% (30 points): The final paper must include a title page, abstract, proper in-text citations, and a bibliography or works cited page.
Category Points % Description
Content 210 70% A quality paper will have significant scope and depth of research to support any statements. Relevant illustrations or examples are encouraged. A quality paper will employ sound use of reasoning and logic to present the issue as well as the student’s own position.
Editing 30 10% A quality paper will be free of any spelling, punctuation, or grammatical errors. Sentences and paragraphs will be clear, concise, and factual correct.
Documentation & Formatting 30 10% A quality paper will include a title page, an abstract, proper citations, and a bibliography.
Organization & Cohesiveness 30 10% A quality paper will include an introduction based upon a well formed issue statement, a descriptive discussion that presents both sides of the issue, and a well reasoned defense of the student’s position on the issue.
Total 300 100% A quality paper will meet or exceed all of the above requirements.

Final Paper Rubric

The following table contains the detailed break-down of the grading rubric.

Total Paper Rubric
Content 70% Points %
Score and Depth of Research to support any statements. 45 15%
Relevant illustrations or examples 45 15%
Use of reasoning and logic in developing both sides of the issues 60 20%
Use of reasoning and logic to present student’s own position 60 20%
Total 210 70%
Editing 10% Points Deduction (per occurrence) %
Spelling Error -2
Punctuation/Grammatical Error -1
Sentence Meaning Unclear -2
Misstatement of Fact -5
Total (not to exceed) 30 10%
Organization 10% Points %
Introduction; Thesis statement contains at least two main points 12 6%
Body text follows order of topics and main points derived from the thesis statement 6 2%
Content sub-divisions follow outline 6 2%
Conclusion summarizes; complements thesis; contains no new information 6 2%
Total (not to exceed) 30 points 10%
Documentation 10% Incorrectly cited or missing Points Deduction (per occurrence) %
Title page -6
Abstract -3
References in text -6
Bibliography/Works Cited -15
Total (not to exceed) 30 points 10%
Category Totals Possible Points %
Content 210 70%
Organization and Cohesiveness 30 10%
Editing 30 10%
Documentation and Formatting


30 10%


Midterm Examination


TCO#2: A research approach that asks participants to describe their recent and lifetime criminal activity is called _____.

: field observation

cross-sectional research


self-reported study (page 34)



Question 2. Question : TCO#2: If criminologists want to see the direct effect of one factor or variable on another factor or variable, they conduct _____.

: experimental research (see page 37)

aggregate data research

cohort research

survey research



Question 3. Question : TCO#2: What is known about the trend in property crime rates?

: Like the violent crime rate, the property crime rate has increased slightly.

Unlike the violent crime rate, the property crime rate has continued to fall. (page 43)

The violent crime rate and property crime rate have remained equally stable.

The violent crime rate has decreased, while the property crime rate has increased.



Question 4. Question : TCO#2: According to Wolfgang, Figlio, and Sellin’s cohort study, what percentage of chronic offenders was responsible for a significant proportion of all serious crime?

: 12 percent

15 percent

6 percent (page 56)

25 percent



Question 5. Question : TCO#2: The relationship between class and crime is an important one for criminological theory. The weight of recent evidence seems to suggest that serious official crime is more prevalent _____.

: across both the middle and lower class

among the middle class

among the upper class

among the lower class (page 51)



Question 6. Question : TCO#1: ____________ is an academic discipline that makes use of the scientific methods to study the nature, extent, cause, and control of criminal behavior.

: Sociology

Criminal Justice

Criminology (page 4)




Question 7. Question : TCO#1: The theory that suggests people have free will to choose a criminal career or unlawful solutions to meet their needs or settle their problems is _____.

: classical theory (page 6)

conflict theory

biosocial theory

Marxist theory



Question 8. Question : TCO#1: The Chicago School was developed by a group of sociologists at _____.

: the Chicago Institute of Criminology

the University of Illinois

Illinois State University

the University of Chicago (pages 8-9)



Question 9. Question : TCO#: 1 Common law was developed after the Norman Conquest of England in 1066 through the verdicts of ________ who used local customs and rules of conduct as guides for decision-making.

: juries



royal judges (page 19)



Question 10. Question : TCO#1: The intent to commit the criminal act is known as _____.

: mens rea (page 21)

actus reus

mala in se

mala prohibitum



Question 11. Question : TCO#3: Referring to the relationship between marital status and vicimization, who is least likely to become a crime victim?

: Someone who is married

Someone who has never married

Someone who is divorced

Someone who is a widow or widower (page 70)



Question 12. Question : TCO#3: One’s chances of victimization are reduced by _____.

: staying single

staying out of public places

moving to the city

being out and about after 10 p.m. (page 73)



Question 13. Question : TCO#3: When victims act provocatively, use threats or fighting words, or even attack first, this is known as _____.

: passive precipitation

active precipitation (page 73)

aggressive precipitation

reactive precipitation



Question 14. Question : TCO#3: In routine activities theory, a large number of unemployed teenagers would be an example of _____.

: suitable targets

capable guardians

protective sentinels

motivated offenders (page 74)



Question 15. Question : TCO#3: According to routine activities theory, homes that contained easily salable objects such as laptop computers, stereos, and television sets would be classified as _____.

: hot targets

hot spots

suitable targets (page 74)

chronic spots



Question 16. Question : TCO#4: Beccaria believed that criminals choose to commit crime and that their choices could be controlled by _____.

: fear of punishment (page 92)

improving economic conditions

selective incapacitation

situational crime prevention



Question 17. Question : TCO#4: While outwardly considered the most irrational of offenders, serial murders are considered rational because:

: they tend to have high IQs.

they pick their targets with care. (page 99)

they elude arrest for months, and sometimes for years.

they are rarely, in actuality, psychologically disturbed.



Question 18. Question : TCO#4: According to _____________, crime rates are influenced and controlled by the threat of punishment.

: general deterrence (page 104)

specific deterrence

diffusion of benefits

crime displacement



Question 19. Question : TCO#4: The Kansas City, Missouri police department’s study of patrol effectiveness, convinced criminologists that:

: the mere presence of patrol officers on the street did not have a deterrent effect. (page 105)

doubling the amount of patrol officers on the street had a deterrent effect.

The mere presence of patrol officers on the street had a deterrent effect, but only in high crime areas.

decreasing the amount of patrol officers on the street increased crime.



Question 20. Question : TCO#4: The philosophy of justice that asserts that those who violate the rights of others deserve to be punished is known as _____.

: specific deterrence

just desert (page 112)





Question 21. Question : TCO#4: The belief that no serious consideration should be given to biological factors when attempting to understand human nature is known as _____.

: choice theory

biophobia (page 123)

nature theory

nurture theory



Question 22. Question : TCO#4: A disorder in which a child shows a developmentally inappropriate lack of attention and an excess of impulsivity is known as _____.

: attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (page 130)

oppositional defiance disorder

impulse dysfunctional disorder

conduct disorder



Question 23. Question : TCO#4: A mental state, labeled ________________ is found in youngsters whose personalities require them to seek immediate gratification, to consider their own needs more important than others, and to satisfy instinctive urges without considering right and wrong.

: deferred delinquency

emergent delinquency

latent delinquency (page 138)

delayed delinquency



Question 24. Question : TCO#4: Social learning theory holds that people learn to be aggressive through their life experiences. Which of these is not a source of this behavior modeling process?

: Environmental experiences

Family interaction

Mass media

Religious affiliation (page 141)



Question 25. Question : TCO#4: According to recent media research by Bushman and Anderson violent media has __________ impact on people with preexisting tendency toward crime and violence.

: no


an immediate (page 144)

a time-delayed



Question 26. Question : TCO#4: A socially disorganized area is one in which the ______________ have broken down and can no long carry out their expected or stated functions.

: institutions of social control (page 166)

institutions of social service

institutions of federal government

global institutions



Question 27. Question : TCO#4: Social disorganization theory was developed by the work of two Chicago sociologists _____.

: Martin and Gordon

Winfree and Mays

Sutherland and Durkheim

McKay and Shaw (page 168)



Question 28. Question : TCO#4: A renewal stage in which obsolete housing is replaced and upgraded is known as _____.

: gentrification (page 172)






Question 29. Question : TCO#4: When individuals embrace conventional social goals and have the means at their disposal to attain them, this is known as _____.

: rebellion



conformity (page 176)



Question 30. Question : TCO#4: According to Miller’s focal concern theory, which of the following is not identified as a lower class focal concern?

: Excitement


Achievement (page 182)




Question 31. Question : TCO#4: Social learning theory suggests that crime is a/an ________ behavior.

: chronic

learned (page 203)





Question 32. Question : TCO#4: The principle that criminal techniques are learned is part of _____.

: differential association theory (pages 205-206)

labeling theory

social reaction theory

differential reinforcement theory



Question 33. Question : TCO#4: The view that becoming a criminal is a learning process in which potential delinquents master skills that enable them to counterbalance conventional values and drift back and forth between illegitimate and conventional behavior is known as _____.

: social reaction theory

differential association theory

differential reinforcement theory

neutralization theory (see page 207)



Question 34. Question : TCO#4: Which one is not an element of the social bond?

: Attachment



Achievement (page 211)



Question 35. Question : TCO#4: This occurs when norm violations or crimes have very little influence on the actor and can be quickly forgotten.

: Stigma


Primary deviance (page 217)

Secondary deviance



Question 36. Question : TCO#4: According to the instrumental theorists, unmasking the true purpose of law and justice is termed to _____.

: destigmatize

demystify (page 237)





Question 37. Question : TCO#4: The branch of conflict theory that focuses upon the emergence of a strict ‘law and order’ philosophy and that believes street criminals prey on the poor and disenfranchised, thus making the poor doubly abused, first by the capitalist system and then by members of their own class is known as _____.

: power-control theory

left realism (page 239-240)

critical realism

peacemaking theory



Question 38. Question : TCO#4: According to the instrumental view of critical criminology, the poor may or may not commit more crimes than the rich, but _____.

: their crime are less visible

they are arrested and punished less often

their crimes are more serious in nature

they are arrested and punished more often (page 237)



Question 39. Question : TCO#4: Most balanced and restorative justice programs are located within _____.

: the locality’s probation system

the locality’s juvenile justice system (page 246)

the locality’s adult criminal justice system

the locality’s social work system



Question 40. Question : TCO#4: From a Marxist perspective, the people who perform the actual work are called _____.

: the underclass

the chattering class

the bourgeoisie

the proletariat (page 230)