ACCT 505 Final Exam 100% Correct Answers

 

ACCT 505 Final Exam – latest 2016

 

  1. (TCO E) Designing a new product is a(n) (Points : 5)

batch-level activity.

product-level activity.

unit-level activity.

organization sustaining activity.

 

 

Question 2.2. (TCO G) Given the following data, what would ROI be?

Sales  $70,000

 

Net operating income  $10,000

 

Contribution margin  $20,000

 

Average operating assets  $50,000

 

Stockholder’s equity $25,000

 

(Points : 5)

6.0%

15.0%

12.5%

20.0%

 

 

  1. RspGF=”font-family:’Arial’;font-size:10pt;”(TCO C) Longiotti Corporation produces and sells a single product. Data concerning that product appear below.
Selling price per unit $375.00
Variable expense per unit $144.00
Fixed expense per month $1,686,300

 

 

Required:

 

Determine the monthly breakeven in units or dollar sales. Show your work! (Points : 25)

 

 

  1. TCO B) Maverick Corporation uses the weighted-average method in its process costing system. Data concerning the first processing department for the most recent month are listed below.
Work in process, beginning:  
  Units in beginning work in process inventory 400
  Materials costs $6,900
  Conversion costs $2,500
  Percent complete for materials 80%
  Percent complete for conversion 15%
  Units started into production during the month 6,000
  Units transferred to the next department during the month 5,600
  Materials costs added during the month $112,500
  Conversion costs added during the month $210,300
   
   
Ending work in process:  
  Units in ending work-in-process inventory 800
  Percentage complete for materials 70%
  Percentage complete for conversion 30%

 

 

Required: Calculate the equivalent units for conversion for the month in the first processing department. (Points : 25)\

 

 

  1. TCO D) Topple Company produces a single product. Operating data for the company and its absorption costing income statement for the last year are presented below.

 

Units in beginning inventory 2,000
Units produced 9,000
Units sold 10,000
Sales $100,000

 

Less cost of goods sold:

Beginning inventory 12,000
Add cost of goods manufactured 54,000
Goods available for sale 66,000
Less ending inventory 6,000
Cost of goods sold 60,000
Gross margin 40,000
Less selling and admin. expenses 28,000
Net operating income $12,000

 

 

Variable manufacturing costs are $4 per unit. Fixed manufacturing overhead totals $18,000 for the year. The fixed manufacturing overhead was applied at a rate of $2 per unit. Variable selling and administrative expenses were $1 per unit sold.

 

Required: Prepare a new income statement for the year using variable costing. Comment on the differences between the absorption costing and the variable costing income statements. (Points : 30)

 

  1. TCO I) (Ignore income taxes in this problem.) Bill Anders retires in 8 years. He has $650,000 to invest and is considering a franchise for a fast-food outlet. He would have to purchase equipment costing $500,000 to equip the outlet and invest an additional $150,000 for inventories and other working capital needs. Other outlets in the fast-food chain have an annual net cash inflow of about $160,000. Mr. Anders would close the outlet in 8 years. He estimates that the equipment could be sold at that time for about 10% of its original cost. Mr. Anders’ required rate of return is 16%.

 

Required:

Part A: What is the investment’s net present value when the discount rate is 16%?

Part B: Refer to your calculations. Is this an acceptable investment?  Why or why not? (Points : 30)

 

 

  1. TCO A) The following data (in thousands of dollars) have been taken from the accounting records of the Maroon Corporation for the just-completed year.

 

Sales 1,300
Raw materials inventory, beginning 25
Raw materials inventory, ending 30
Purchases of raw materials 250
Direct labor 350
Manufacturing overhead 500
Administrative expenses 300
Selling expenses 250
Work in process inventory, beginning 150
Work in process inventory, ending 100
Finished goods inventory, beginning 80
Finished goods inventory, ending 110

 

 

Use the above data to prepare (in thousands of dollars) a schedule of Cost of Goods Manufactured and a Schedule of Cost of Goods Sold for the year. In addition, what is the impact on the financial statements if the ending finished goods inventory is overstated or understated? (Points : 25)

 

  1. TCO F) Walker Corporation is preparing its cash budget for November. The budgeted beginning cash balance is $43,000. Budgeted cash receipts total $117,000 and budgeted cash disbursements total $122,000. The desired ending cash balance is $55,000. The company can borrow up to $100,000 at any time from a local bank, with interest not due until the following month.

 

Required:

 

Prepare the company’s cash budget for November in good form. Make sure to indicate what borrowing, if any, would be needed to attain the desired ending cash balance (Points : 25)

 

 

  1. (TCO H) Lindon Company uses 7,500 units of Part Y each year as a component in the assembly of one of its products. The company is presently producing Part Y internally at a total cost of $119,000 as follows.

 

Direct materials

 

$26,000

 

Direct labor

 

28,000

 

Variable manufacturing overhead

 

20,000

 

Fixed manufacturing overhead

 

45,000

 

Total costs

 

$119,000

 

 

An outside supplier has offered to provide Part Y at a price of $12 per unit. If Lindon stops producing the part internally, one third of the fixed manufacturing overhead would be eliminated.

 

Required: Prepare a make-or-buy analysis showing the annual advantage or disadvantage of accepting the outside supplier’s offer. Please state clearly whether the part should be made or bought and share your work.

 

(Points : 30)

 

  1. TCO B) Sandler Corporation bases its predetermined overhead rate on the estimated machine hours for the upcoming year. Data for the upcoming year appear below.

 

Estimated machine hours 75,000  
Estimated variable manufacturing overhead $4.50  per machine hour
Estimated total fixed manufacturing overhead $825,000  

 

The actual machine hours for the year turned out to be 77,000.

 

Required:

 

Compute the company’s predetermined overhead rate. (Points : 25)

 

( ACCT 505 Final Exam Set 2 ) 

 

  1. (TCO C) Silver City, Inc., has collected the following operating information below for its current month’s activity. Using this information, prepare a flexible budget analysis to determine how well Silver City performed in terms of cost control.

Actual Costs Incurred

Static Budget

Activity level (in units)

5,250

5,178

Variable Costs:

Indirect materials

$24,182

$23,476

Utilities

$22,356

$22,674

Fixed Costs:

Administration

$63,450

$65,500

Rent

$65,317

$63,904

 

 

  1. (TCO D) Globe Co. manufactures automatic door openers. The company uses 15,000 electronic hinges per year as a component in the assembly of the openers. You have been engaged by Globe to assist with an evaluation of whether the company should continue producing the hinges or purchase them from an outside vendor.

The Accounting Department  provided the following detail regarding the annual cost to produce electronic hinges:

Direct materials

$54,000

Direct labor

60,000

Variable manufacturing overhead

36,000

Fixed manufacturing overhead

90,000

Total costs

$240,000

The Procurement Department provided the following supplier pricing:

Supplier A price per hinge

$11.00

Supplier B price per hinge

$10.75

Supplier C price per hinge

$10.50

The supplier pricing was obtained in response to a formal request for proposal (RFP). Procurement has determined these suppliers meet Globe’s technical specifications and quality requirements.

If Globe stops producing the part internally, 10% of the fixed manufacturing overhead would be eliminated.

Required: Prepare a make-or-buy analysis showing the annual advantage or disadvantage (in dollars) of accepting an outside supplier’s offer.  Should the company buy the parts?  If so, from which supplier?

 

  1. (TCO E) Mesa Company produces a single product. Operating data for the company and its absorption costing income statement for the last year are presented below:

Units in beginning inventory

2,000

Units produced

9,000

Units sold

10,000

Sales

$100,000

Less cost of goods sold:

Beginning inventory

12,000

Add cost of goods manufactured

54,000

Goods available for sale

66,000

Less ending inventory

6,000

Cost of goods sold

60,000

Gross margin

40,000

Less selling and admin. expenses

28,000

Net operating income

$12,000

Variable manufacturing costs are $4 per unit. Fixed factory overhead totals $18,000 for the year. This overhead was applied at a rate of $2 per unit. Variable selling and administrative expenses were $1 per unit sold.

Required: Prepare a new income statement for the year using variable costing. Comment on the differences between the absorption costing and the variable costing income statements.

 

  1. (TCO A) The following data (in thousands of dollars) have been taken from the accounting records of the White Sands Corporation for the just-completed year.

Sales

1,150

Raw materials inventory, beginning

15

Raw materials inventory, ending

40

Purchases of raw materials

150

Direct labor

250

Manufacturing overhead

300

Administrative expenses

500

Selling expenses

300

Work in process inventory, beginning

100

Work in process inventory, ending

150

Finished goods inventory, beginning

80

Finished goods inventory, ending

120

Use the above data to prepare (in thousands of dollars) a schedule of Cost of Goods Manufactured and a Schedule of Cost of Goods Sold for the year. In addition, what is the impact on the financial statements if the ending finished goods inventory is overstated or understated?

 

 

  1. (TCO F) Farmington Corporation uses the weighted-average method in its process costing system. Data concerning the first processing department for the most recent month are listed below.

Work in process, beginning:

Units in beginning work-in-process inventory

400

Materials costs

$6,900

Conversion costs

$2,500

Percentage complete for materials

80%

Percentage complete for conversion

15%

Units started into production during the month

6,000

Units transferred to the next department during the month

5,000

Materials costs added during the month

$112,500

Conversion costs added during the month

$210,300

Ending work in process:

Units in ending work-in-process inventory

1,200

Percentage complete for materials

60%

Percentage complete for conversion

30%

Required: Calculate the equivalent units for materials (using the weighted-average method) for the month in the first processing department.

 

2.

(TCO G) – (Ignore income taxes in this problem.) Tennessee Co. is considering the production of an exterior paint that will require the purchase of new mixing machinery. The machinery will cost $700,000, is expected to have a useful life of 12 years, and is expected to have a salvage value of $100,000 at the end of 12 years. The machinery will also need a $40,000 overhaul at the end of Year 7. A $50,000 increase in working capital will be needed for this investment project. The working capital will be released at the end of the 12 years. The new paint is expected to generate net cash inflows of $120,000 per year for each of the 12 years. Tennessee’s discount rate is 14%.

Required:

  1. What is the net present value of this investment opportunity?
  2. Based on your answer to (a) above, should Tennessee go ahead with the new paint?

 

 

  1. (TCO B) Winslow Corporation produces and sells a single product. Data concerning that product appear below.

Selling price per unit

$130.00

Variable expense per unit

$27.30

Fixed expense per month

$165,3

Required:

  1. a) Determine the monthly break-even in unit sales. Show your work!
  2. b) Determine the monthly break-even in dollar sales.  Show your work!

 

 

  1. (TCO F) Manchester, Inc. bases its predetermined overhead rate on the estimated machine hours for the upcoming year. Data for the upcoming year appear below.

Estimated machine hours

85,000

Estimated variable manufacturing overhead

$5.55 per machine hour

Estimated total fixed manufacturing overhead

$951,888

Required:

Compute the company’s predetermined overhead rate.

 

 

  1. (TCO F) Memphis Corporation is preparing its cash budget for February. The budgeted beginning cash balance is $27,000. Budgeted cash receipts total $136,000 and budgeted cash disbursements total $128,000. The desired ending cash balance is $50,000. The company can borrow up to $110,000 at any time from a local bank, with interest not due until the following month.

Required:

Prepare the company’s cash budget for February in good form. Make sure to indicate what borrowing, if any, would be needed to attain the desired ending cash balance.

 

  1. (TCO C) Silver City, Inc., has collected the following operating information below for its current month’s activity. Using this information, prepare a flexible budget analysis to determine how well Silver City performed in terms of cost control.

Actual Costs Incurred

Static Budget

Activity level (in units)

5,250

5,178

Variable Costs:

Indirect materials

$24,182

$23,476

Utilities

$22,356

$22,674

Fixed Costs:

Administration

$63,450

$65,500

Rent

$65,317

$63,904

 

  1. (TCO D) Globe Co. manufactures automatic door openers. The company uses 15,000 electronic hinges per year as a component in the assembly of the openers. You have been engaged by Globe to assist with an evaluation of whether the company should continue producing the hinges or purchase them from an outside vendor.

The Accounting Department  provided the following detail regarding the annual cost to produce electronic hinges:

Direct materials

$54,000

Direct labor

60,000

Variable manufacturing overhead

36,000

Fixed manufacturing overhead

90,000

Total costs

$240,000

The Procurement Department provided the following supplier pricing:

Supplier A price per hinge

$11.00

Supplier B price per hinge

$10.75

Supplier C price per hinge

$10.50

The supplier pricing was obtained in response to a formal request for proposal (RFP). Procurement has determined these suppliers meet Globe’s technical specifications and quality requirements.

If Globe stops producing the part internally, 10% of the fixed manufacturing overhead would be eliminated.

Required: Prepare a make-or-buy analysis showing the annual advantage or disadvantage (in dollars) of accepting an outside supplier’s offer.  Should the company buy the parts?  If so, from which supplier?

 

  1. (TCO E) Mesa Company produces a single product. Operating data for the company and its absorption costing income statement for the last year are presented below:

Units in beginning inventory

2,000

Units produced

9,000

Units sold

10,000

Sales

$100,000

Less cost of goods sold:

Beginning inventory

12,000

Add cost of goods manufactured

54,000

Goods available for sale

66,000

Less ending inventory

6,000

Cost of goods sold

60,000

Gross margin

40,000

Less selling and admin. expenses

28,000

Net operating income

$12,000

Variable manufacturing costs are $4 per unit. Fixed factory overhead totals $18,000 for the year. This overhead was applied at a rate of $2 per unit. Variable selling and administrative expenses were $1 per unit sold.

Required: Prepare a new income statement for the year using variable costing. Comment on the differences between the absorption costing and the variable costing income statements.

 

  1. (TCO A) The following data (in thousands of dollars) have been taken from the accounting records of the White Sands Corporation for the just-completed year.

Sales

1,150

Raw materials inventory, beginning

15

Raw materials inventory, ending

40

Purchases of raw materials

150

Direct labor

250

Manufacturing overhead

300

Administrative expenses

500

Selling expenses

300

Work in process inventory, beginning

100

Work in process inventory, ending

150

Finished goods inventory, beginning

80

Finished goods inventory, ending

120

Use the above data to prepare (in thousands of dollars) a schedule of Cost of Goods Manufactured and a Schedule of Cost of Goods Sold for the year. In addition, what is the impact on the financial statements if the ending finished goods inventory is overstated or understated?

 

  1. (TCO F) Farmington Corporation uses the weighted-average method in its process costing system. Data concerning the first processing department for the most recent month are listed below.

Work in process, beginning:

Units in beginning work-in-process inventory

400

Materials costs

$6,900

Conversion costs

$2,500

Percentage complete for materials

80%

Percentage complete for conversion

15%

Units started into production during the month

6,000

Units transferred to the next department during the month

5,000

Materials costs added during the month

$112,500

Conversion costs added during the month

$210,300

Ending work in process:

Units in ending work-in-process inventory

1,200

Percentage complete for materials

60%

Percentage complete for conversion

30%

Required: Calculate the equivalent units for materials (using the weighted-average method) for the month in the first processing department.

2.

 

(TCO G) – (Ignore income taxes in this problem.) Tennessee Co. is considering the production of an exterior paint that will require the purchase of new mixing machinery. The machinery will cost $700,000, is expected to have a useful life of 12 years, and is expected to have a salvage value of $100,000 at the end of 12 years. The machinery will also need a $40,000 overhaul at the end of Year 7. A $50,000 increase in working capital will be needed for this investment project. The working capital will be released at the end of the 12 years. The new paint is expected to generate net cash inflows of $120,000 per year for each of the 12 years. Tennessee’s discount rate is 14%.

Required:

  1. What is the net present value of this investment opportunity?
  2. Based on your answer to (a) above, should Tennessee go ahead with the new paint?

 

  1. (TCO B) Winslow Corporation produces and sells a single product. Data concerning that product appear below.

Selling price per unit

$130.00

Variable expense per unit

$27.30

Fixed expense per month

$165,3

Required:

  1. a) Determine the monthly break-even in unit sales. Show your work!
  2. b) Determine the monthly break-even in dollar sales.  Show your work!

 

  1. (TCO F) Manchester, Inc. bases its predetermined overhead rate on the estimated machine hours for the upcoming year. Data for the upcoming year appear below.

Estimated machine hours

85,000

Estimated variable manufacturing overhead

$5.55 per machine hour

Estimated total fixed manufacturing overhead

$951,888

Required:

Compute the company’s predetermined overhead rate.

 

  1. (TCO F) Memphis Corporation is preparing its cash budget for February. The budgeted beginning cash balance is $27,000. Budgeted cash receipts total $136,000 and budgeted cash disbursements total $128,000. The desired ending cash balance is $50,000. The company can borrow up to $110,000 at any time from a local bank, with interest not due until the following month.

Required:

Prepare the company’s cash budget for February in good form. Make sure to indicate what borrowing, if any, would be needed to attain the desired ending cash balance.