Functionalist Theory & Cultural Beliefs
This midterm examination will be testing your understanding of the materials assigned in readings and discussed in class during the first half of the term. You are asked to answer the questions as thoroughly as possible (in fact, exhaustive would be better). To do this you may use the Conley text and lecture notes/videos (remember to credit people for their words and ideas when you use them (in other words, do not plagiarize (it’s illegal)). Please take the time to explain the ideas or concepts you use in your answers. Answer questions using your own words. This means, do not answer exam questions by quoting the text. Your answers should reflect your understanding of the materials that you have read and that have been discussed in class. This midterm exam is a solitary activity, and this means that you are not to work “in groups.” Again, you are required to be thorough and fully answer the exam questions (though partial credit will be assessed for those responses that are less than complete). Please be sure to number your question responses appropriately. Also remember to use in-text citations and to include a reference page (both A.S.A. style, of course).
1. Briefly discuss the development of sociology as an academic discipline as described in the ASE text. Briefly describe the main contributions of the sociologists’ Jane Addams and W.E.B. Dubois as discussed in the ASE text. Compare and contrast the three sociological traditions (paradigms) and identify a social theorist associated with each. Briefly discuss why the Tuskegee experiment represents unethical research design. Identify and briefly discuss the five common sociological methods described in the ASE text.
2. Briefly discuss the significance of culture and identify some of the elements of culture discussed in the ASE text. Briefly discuss the relationship between culture, socialization, and social interaction as described and in-class discussions. Briefly discuss the ideas of George H. Meade and the development of the social self. Briefly explain the concept of social interaction. Briefly discuss the differences between roles and statuses as described in the ASE text.
3. Briefly discuss the difference between social deviance and crime. Briefly discuss the approach to crime taken by functionalist sociologist Emile Durkheim. Briefly discuss the relationship between social stigma and deviance. Briefly discuss the concept of stratification and describe how it can be related to social inequality in society. Briefly discuss the connection between stratification and the differential impact of COVID-19 in communities across the US. Discuss the difference between absolute poverty and relative poverty.
Extra Credit (4 points)
4. Briefly discuss the idea of social structure (and the various elements that comprise it) and its relationship to the individual and society as discussed in the ASE text.