MGT 216 Final Exam Guide 100% Correct Answers

 

Which of the following statements is FALSE?

 

Which of the following are correct steps and order of steps in the ethical decision-making process?

 

Which of the following statements is TRUE:

 

The type of language used when describing a situation affects moral awareness

 

The _________________ states that an ethical decision should maximize benefits to society and minimize harms.

 

 

In the ___________ perspective, social responsibility is primarily a means of avoiding economic harm that can be imposed by multiple stakeholders.

 

The U.S. sentencing guidelines use a “carrot and stick” approach to managing corporate crime. What is meant by the use of “carrot” and “stick”?

 

People are rational economic actors motivated solely by self-interest.

 

Most people expect fair play in their interactions and will even forgo economic benefits in order to maintain a fair system.

 

An organization can be convicted of a crime even if only one employee breaks the law.

 

Which of the following is TRUE?

 

The Tailhook Scandal is an example of:

 

Which of the following is FALSE?

 

Federal law prohibits discrimination against individuals with specific characteristics. Which of the following characteristics is not on that list (i.e. protected under Federal law)?

 

Research has show the best way to encourage ethical behavior is to create an organizational culture that is built to enhance employee engagement.

 

Managers play a limited role in increasing engagement and building an ethical culture.

 

Because of a family emergency, John was unable to complete a report for his boss. Instead he asks a co-worker to finish it for him and in the morning, John tells his boss that he did the report. Is there anything wrong with John’s action?

 

In a 2002 poll, __________ ranked last on the “who do you trust scale.”

 

The idea that consumers have the right to safety, right to be heard, right to choose, and the right to be informed came from _____________ in ____________.

 

Weak organizational cultures are:

 

___________ have their own agenda and lack and company or professional loyalty.

 

As an important component of _________’s ethics communication approach, Agent Dewright’s sample ethical dilemmas were emailed to all employees for responses. It is a great way to engage from line employees as well as to communication the company’s strong commitment to ethics.

 

Research has shown that between ___________ of the information that passes through the grapevine is true.

 

Fluency in a foreign language assists with verbal communication, but helps little in understanding the culture. .

 

A country’s sociopolitical environment increases the number of ethical questions a company must deal with.

 

Which of the following is FALSE?

 

Which of the following is an example of a high power distance country?

 

_____________ may have good ethical compasses, but they don’t know their corporation’s policies. Without guidance, ethics may not even be a consideration.

 

Which of the following is FALSE?

 

Which of the following are correct steps and order of steps in the ethical decision-making process?

 

Discarding the few “bad apples” will solve all the ethical problems within an organization.

 

 

Ethical conflict is almost exclusively influenced by individual differences.

 

The _______________ approach to ethical decision making focuses on how people actually make decisions.

 

According to a national opinion survey, identify the goal that employees did NOT rank among the top five.

 

Unlike managers, employees are generally not concerned about the ethical behavior of the organization they work for.

 

Which of the following is FALSE?

 

The Tailhook Scandal is an example of:

 

Which of the following is FALSE?

 

According to a survey of executives, most respondents would rather lie to an employee about performance than confront them about performance problems.

 

One of a manager’s most important responsibilities is to bring good people into an organization.

 

In this classic example of failing to protect its employees, __________ knew asbestos caused cancer as early as 1930. However, the company lied to its employees and used several tactics to cover-up the product’s effects.

 

The idea that consumers have the right to safety, right to be heard, right to choose, and the right to be informed came from _____________ in ____________.

 

Weak organizational cultures are:

 

According to the Executive Ethical Leadership Reputation Matrix,a/an _________ is an executive characterized as a strong “moral person” and a strong “moral manager.”

 

Which of the following is FALSE?

 

 

Visitors to another culture will notice things that are important at home but may not be important in the target culture.

 

Spouses of high-level expatriate managers generally serve in a corporate “ambassador” role.

 

Ethical issues are universal and do not vary from culture to culture.

 

Justice and fairness are universal human values. Therefore, specific beliefs and preferences about what is a fair allocation are also universal.

 

_________ reflects acceptance of inequality and respect for social status and class boundaries

 

Which of the following is legal according to the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) passed in 1977?

 

Which of the following is an example of a high power distance country?

 

“When in Rome, do as Romans do” is an example of:

 

Which of the following is legal according to the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) passed in 1977?

 

If we understand how people think and behave in their native environment, we will understand how a particular group will behave in relation to cultural outsiders.

 

Women working as expatriate managers are unsuccessful in some countries because they are treated the same as women from that local culture.

 

Which of the following is false?

 

Which of the following is false?

 

___________ define themselves in terms of their group memberships and their contributions to the success of those groups.

 

____________ reflects acceptance of inequality and respect for social status or class boundaries.

 

The title “ethics officer” did not exist until the early 1950s.

 

Ethics only needs to be communicated in orientation materials for new employees.

 

An increase in the number of calls on the “ethics action line” is a sign that there are more problems in the company now.

 

Research has shown that between ___________ of the information that passes through the grapevine is accurate.

 

As an important component of _________’s ethics communication approach, Agent Dewright’s sample ethical dilemmas were e-mailed to all employees for responses.  It was a great way to engage front line employees as well as to communicate the company’s strong commitment to ethics.

 

Your friend, Sam, has been selected to create a new ethics training program at work.  What advice should you give Sam?

 

The __________ approach to formal corporate ethics initiatives is proactive and inspirational.

 

The _________ approach to formal corporate ethics initiatives focuses on required behavior or obeying the letter of the law.

 

Organization cultures vary widely, even within the same industry.

 

Because common ethical problems exist across virtually all organizations, formal programs designed for ethics work well as “one size fits all.”

 

Weak organizational cultures are:

 

The “moral person” component of ethical leadership:

 

According to the Executive Ethical Leadership Reputation Matrix, ___________ is an executive characterized as a weak “moral person” and a strong “moral manager.”

 

Describing the decision-making process in the language of ethics does not help individuals make more ethical decisions.

 

According to the Executive Ethical Leadership Reputation Matrix, ___________ is an executive characterized as a strong “moral person” and a strong “moral manager.”

 

Weak organizational cultures are:

 

The more a firm demands unquestioning obedience to authority, the more likely the firm will experience higher levels of unethical conduct among employees.

 

Research has found that employees working in organizations with a code of ethics report that they engage in less unethical behavior.

 

One of the most common faults in ethical decision making is to ignore the long-term consequences of a decision.

 

The idea that consumers have the right to safety, right to be heard, right to choose, and right to be informed came from ____________ in ________.

 

In this example of a conflict of interest, ________ conducted a series of off-the-books partnerships that were used to hide the organization’s debt and inflate its stock price.  The partnerships were managed by the company’s executives who stood to profit the most from the transactions.

 

Only since Enron’s collapse have ethicists and business professionals really been concerned about the increasing focus on “short-term” earnings.

 

In a 2002 poll, _________ ranked last on the “who do you trust scale.”

 

The real proportion of wrong-doers is probably quite small.

 

Unethical behavior is often caused by the work environment and the work environment is the manager’s responsibility.

 

Group norms can cause an “everyone is doing it” mentality.  This means:

 

A statement such as “integrity is important here” is enough for subordinates to understand what kind of behavior you expect from them.

 

Groupthink occurs when:

 

When an employee brings up an ethical concern at work, the manager is obliged to take the issues completely off the employee’s hands.

 

The Tailhook scandal is an example of:

 

Managers play a limited role in increasing engagement and building an ethical culture.

 

This driver of engagement, __________, refers to the fact that employees should understand the company’s strategic direction and how their individual efforts play a role in the company’s revenue-generating enterprise.

 

Research has shown that the best way to encourage ethical behavior is to create an organizational culture that is built to enhance employee engagement.

 

According to a survey of executives, most respondents would rather lie to employees about performance than confront them about performance problems.

 

Which of the following is not an effective way to discipline employees?

 

You are a manager forced to layoff certain employees.  What is the primary objective that should guide your treatment of these individuals?

 

Because of a family emergency, John was unable to complete a report for his boss.  Instead, he asks a coworker to finish it for him and in the morning, John tells his boss that he did the report.  Is there anything wrong with John’s action?

 

People do not want to believe that the world operates on the principles of fairness.

 

The best way to ensure that you are not going to be asked to compromise your values is to clearly communicate what people can expect from you.

 

According to the authors, ethical behavior is defined as:

 

There are major differences in levels of moral reasoning between men and women.

 

Utilitarianism is an example of teleological theory.

 

According to a national opinion survey, identify the goal that employees did NOT rank among the top five.

 

This driver of engagement, __________, refers to the fact that employees should understand the company’s strategic direction and how their individual efforts play a role in the company’s revenue-generating enterprise.

 

Discarding the few “bad apples” will solve all of the ethical problems within an organization.

 

 

Managers play a limited role in increasing engagement and building an ethical culture.

 

Group norms can cause an “everyone is doing it” mentality.  This means:

 

In this example of a conflict of interest, ________ conducted a series of off-the-books partnerships that were used to hide the organization’s debt and inflate its stock price.  The partnerships were managed by the company’s executives who stood to profit the most from the transactions.

 

Which of the following is false?

 

Which of the following is false?

Which of the following is FALSE?

 

The best way to ensure that you are not going to be asked to compromise your values is to clearly communicate what people can expect from you.

 

Which of the following is not an effective way to discipline employees?

 

In a 2002 poll, _________ ranked last on the “who do you trust scale.”

 

 

 

One of a manager’s most important responsibilities is to bring good people into an organization.

 

According to a survey of executives, most respondents would rather lie to an employee about performance than confront them about performance problems.

 

In this example of a conflict of interest, ________ conducted a series of off-the-books partnerships that were used to hide the organization’s debt and inflate its stock price.  The partnerships were managed by the company’s executives who stood to profit the most from the transactions.

 

In this example of lack of product safety, __________, waited nine years to alert its constomers that their birth control product causes severe pelvic inflammatory disease that may lead to miscarriages or severe birth defects.

 

 

According to the Executive Ethical Leadership Reputation Matrix,a/an _________ is an executive characterized as a weak “moral person” and a strong “moral manager.”

 

If we understand how people think and behave in their native environment, we will understand how a particular group will behave in regard to cultural outsiders.

 

Visitors to another culture will notice things that are important at home but may not be important in the target culture.

 

Because of a family emergency, John was unable to complete a report for his boss.  Instead, he asks a coworker to finish it for him and in the morning, John tells his boss that he did the report.  Is there anything wrong with John’s action?

 

The Tailhook scandal is an example of:

 

_________ reflects acceptance of inequality and respect for social status and class boundaries

 

 

Which of the following is legal according to the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) passed in 1977?

 

 

_________ reflects acceptance of inequality and respect for social status and class boundaries

 

 

Discarding the few “bad apples” will solve all the ethical problems within an organization.

 

According to the authors, ethical behavior is defined as:

 

Which of the following statements is FALSE?

 

There are major differences in levels of moral reasoning between men and women.

 

Ethical conflict is almost exclusively influenced by individual differences.

 

Utilitarianism is an example of teleological theory.

 

Generally speaking, ethical dilemmas are not routine. Therefore, there is no way that an individual can be prepared or informed for a problem ahead of time.

 

 

Under the 2004 sentencing guidelines, the ___________ is/are expected to oversee the compliance and ethics program while ___________is/are charged with ensuring its effectiveness within the company.

 

Corporate social responsibility (CSR) consists of which four kinds of responsibilities?

 

 

 

Media coverage can positively influence an organization’s reputation allowing it to charge premium prices and attract better applicants and investors.

 

 

The Tailhook Scandal is an example of:

 

Which of the following is FALSE?

 

Which of the following is FALSE?

 

As a manager of ABC Corporation, you are in a tough situation. You must send an employee to work with your new client in Europe and Sam is clearly the most qualified candidate. However, ABC Corporation is located in an area where several people of Sam’s race have been violently attacked. You must choose to send Sam or Tony. What should you do?

 

In this example of lack of product safety, __________, waited nine years to alert its constomers that their birth control product causes severe pelvic inflammatory disease that may lead to miscarriages or severe birth defects.

 

 

In this example of a conflict of interest, ____________ conducted a series of off-the-books partnerships that were used to hide the organization’s debt and inflate its stock price. The partnerships were managed by the company’s executives who stood to profit the most from the transactions.

 

According to the Executive Ethical Leadership Reputation Matrix,a/an _________ is an executive characterized as a strong “moral person” and a strong “moral manager.”

 

Why did the U.S. Sentencing Commision begin to focus on the ethical culture of the organization in 2004?

 

According to the Executive Ethical Leadership Reputation Matrix,a/an _________ is an executive characterized as a weak “moral person” and a strong “moral manager.”

 

_____________ may have good ethical compasses, but they don’t know their corporation’s policies. Without guidance, ethics may not even be a consideration.

 

______________ understand and follow the rules and policies of the organization. They also have good ethical compasses.

 

 

Visitors to another culture will notice things that are important at home but may not be important in the target culture.

 

The Golden Rule (“do unto others as you would have them do unto you”) appears in the teachings of every major world religion.

 

Which of the following is FALSE?

 

The “psychic distance paradox” causes performance failures because:

When dealing with an individual from a different culture,

 

Which of the following is legal according to the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) passed in 1977?

According to the authors, ethical behavior is defined as:

 

Which of the following statements is FALSE?

 

According to cognitive moral development theory, the actual moral decision is not as important as the reasoning process used to arrive at it.

 

There are major differences in levels of moral reasoning between men and women.

 

The ____________ challenges one to ask “how would you feel if your behavior appeared on The Wall Street Journal?”

 

According to a national opinion survey, identify the goal that employees did NOT rank among the top five.

 

Under the 2004 sentencing guidelines, the ___________ is/are expected to oversee the compliance and ethics program while ___________is/are charged with ensuring its effectiveness within the company.

 

Which of the following is TRUE?

 

 

Media coverage can positively influence an organization’s reputation allowing it to charge premium prices and attract better applicants and investors.

 

Which of the following is FALSE?

Group norms can cause an “everybody is doing it” mentality. This means:

 

Which of the following is FALSE?

 

As a manager of ABC Corporation, you are in a tough situation. You must send an employee to work with your new client in Europe and Sam is clearly the most qualified candidate. However, ABC Corporation is located in an area where several people of Sam’s race have been violently attacked. You must choose to send Sam or Tony. What should you do?

One of a manager’s most important responsibilities is to bring good people into an organization.

 

Why did the U.S. Sentencing Commision begin to focus on the ethical culture of the organization in 2004?

 

 

Which of the following is FALSE?

 

______________ understand and follow the rules and policies of the organization. They also have good ethical compasses.

 

Spouses of high-level expatriate managers generally serve in a corporate “ambassador” role.

 

Women working as expatriate managers are unsuccessful in some countries because they are treated the same as women from that local culture.

 

Which of the following is FALSE?

.

 

Justice and fairness are universal human values. Therefore, specific beliefs and preferences about what is a fair allocation are also universal.

 

When dealing with an individual from a different culture,

.

 

Which of the following is an example of a high power distance country?

 

The “psychic distance paradox” causes performance failures because:

 

According to the authors, ethical behavior is defined as:

 

If an individual does not recognize that he or she is facing an ethical dilemma, then moral judgement is likely to occur.

 

According to cognitive moral development theory, individuals move to a higher moral development stage.

 

 

Most modern managers rely on a deontological approach.

 

According to a national opinion survey, identify the goal that employees did NOT rank among the top five.

 

Corporate social responsibility (CSR) consists of which four kinds of responsibilities?

 

 

 

Media coverage can positively influence an organization’s reputation allowing it to charge premium prices and attract better applicants and investors.

 

 

Which of the following is FALSE?

 

Which of the following is TRUE?

 

Which of the following is TRUE?

 

Which of the following is NOT an effective way to discipline employees?

 

This driver of engagement, _________, refers to the fact that employees should understand the company’s strategic direction and how their individual efforts play a role in the company’s revenue generating enterprise.

 

One of the higher performing employees in your group has recently had family troubles. These personal issues caused him to be less flexible in his work schedule. For example, he has come in late some mornings and missed several late afternoon meetings. However, he continues to be productive when he is at work. As his manager, what should you do?

 

In this example of lack of product safety, __________, waited nine years to alert its customers that their birth control product causes severe pelvic inflammatory disease that may lead to miscarriages or severe birth defects.

 

Despite a terrible disaster, ____________ demonstrated its ability to act swiftly and compassionately for multiple shareholders affected by the chemical leak. The CEO even flew to the site one day after the incident to lend support.

 

______________ understand and follow the rules and policies of the organization. They also have good ethical compasses.

 

Visitors to another culture will notice things that are important at home but may not be important in the target culture.

ANSWER- True

 

Women working as expatriate managers are unsuccessful in some countries because they are treated the same as women from that local culture.

 

Which of the following is FALSE?

 

Which of the following is TRUE?

 

Which of the following is legal according to the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) passed in 1977?

 

_________ reflects acceptance of inequality and respect for social status and class boundaries

 

Special ethics applies to which of the following?

 

The Myth of Amoral Business is consistent with which of the following?

 

Which of the following describes metaethics?

 

Business ethics is typically which of the following?

 

Students in which area of study may need more ethics training because research has found that they rank lower in moral reasoning than other students?

 

All of the following statements are true EXCEPT

 

The moral person component of ethical leadership

 

Why did the U.S. Sentencing Commission begin to focus on the ethical culture of the organization in 2004?

 

Weak organizational cultures are

 

Whistle-blowing is often thought to indicate the falsity of which common myth?

 

Which of the following conditions is necessary for whistle-blowing to be morally permissible, but not morally obligatory?

 

The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 attempts to do which of the following?

 

Which of the following is a good definition of the virtues from the perspective of a virtue ethicist?

 

Which of the following is the highest virtue, for Aristotle?

 

Which of the following describes a moral ideal?

 

Which of the following is not true about the moral responsibilities of management?

 

Which of the following is one of the moral responsibilities of management?

 

Which of the following is not a part of the Triple Bottom Line?

 

In an example of lack of product safety, which company waited 9 years to alert its customers that its birth control product causes severe pelvic inflammatory disease that may lead to miscarriages or severe childbirth defects?

 

In a 2002 poll, which profession ranked last on the who do you trust scale?

 

In an example of failing to protect its employees, which company knew asbestos caused cancer as early as 1930, but lied to its employees and used several tactics to cover-up the product’s effects?

 

When dealing with an individual from a different culture, which of the following is true?