SOC 300 Midterm Exam ( 40/40 Correct Answers )

SOC 300 Midterm Exam ( 40/40 Correct Answers )

 

 

Question 1

 

Why is it so difficult for the poorest societies to get to a foothold on the development ladder?

 

Question 2

Which of these numbers is the best approximation of how many people are currently living in ‘extreme poverty’?

 

Question 3

What is meant by the term “income distribution”?

Question 4

Which of the following regions has the greatest numbers of citizens within the global

middle class?

Question 5

Which of these numbers is the best approximation of how many people live on $2.50 a day or less?

 

Question 6

What are development donors and development projects most likely to lose focus of?

Question 7

Which of the following statements BEST summarizes development supporters’ views on the conflict between tradition and development?

Question 8

According to development supporters, what is the usefulness of increasing wealth in poor countries?

Question 9

Which of the following is a major obstacle facing development organizations (NGOs) in implementing projects such as building wells in rural villages? Choose the BEST answer.

 

Question 10

What do critics of development mean by their assertion that development is an attempt to “impose a single cultural model on the whole world”? Choose the BEST answer.

 

Question 11

What is the most likely safeguard against civil war?

Question 12

Which of the following is NOT a cost of civil war?

 

Question 13

By definition, natural resources come from the land, and therefore must be harvested, mined, drilled for, or extracted. This can increase the likelihood of civil war for which of the following reasons?

 

Question 14

The typical recruit in a civil war is:

 

Question 15

During a civil war, most deaths are due to:

 

Question 16

Which of the following is necessary for slum residents to improve their lives?

Question 17

All of the following are primary reasons people in developing nations move to cities EXCEPT:

 

Question 18

Government policy toward slums in cities such as Lagos and Rio de Janeiro could BEST be described as:

Question 19

Which of the following statements describes the employment situation in slums in developing nations such as India and Nigeria (i.e. nations with high economic growth rates)?

 

Question 20

Which of the following developments is most responsible for the growth of cities throughout history?

 

Question 21

China’s economic reversal of fortune can be attributed to?

 

Question 22

 

Which of these numbers is the best approximation of how many people live on $1.25 a day or less?

 

Question 23

What region of the world contained the highest number of the world’s extremely and moderately poor citizens in 2001?

 

Question 24

Which of the following statements explains why decreasing fertility rates may help raise incomes in less developed countries?

 

Question 25

Of the nearly one million Malawians infected with AIDS, how many people have been receiving a successful AIDS medication that’s available for just $1 per day?

 

Question 26

Why is economic growth by itself, not a sufficient objective of development?

 

Question 27

The eThekwini Declaration was?

 

Question 28

Which of the following statements about the World Health Organization’s drinking-water and sanitation campaign is NOT true?

 

Question 29

 

Which of the following statements about development is NOT expressed in the readings?

 

Question 30

What is the difference between “culmination outcomes” and “comprehensive outcomes”?

Question 31

Poor security in a nation does not typically lead to _______ in the development process?

 

Question 32

Why do civil war combatants often not care about the costs of civil war?

 

Question 33

Somalia has been at war for?

 

Question 34

Why do international wars tend to be resolved so much more quickly than civil wars?

 

 

Question 35

Somalia was affected by Black Hawk Down.  How was it affected?

Question 36

Plywood, plastic piping, prefab windows, and other construction materials are seen by the author as?

 

Question 37

Scavenging work in the Lagos dump can be seen as ______ according to the course video? Choose the BEST answer.

 

Question 38

London’s explosive growth in the mid-19th century was largely due to

Question 39

What development does the author credit for being most responsible for the growth of cities throughout history?

 

Question 40

Rocinharesidents main complaint about “asfaltização” has been that ______?