Public health interventions Plans to promote health improvement
In the past, interventions and interventions to improve public health were developed by public health professionals with little or no knowledge of the target population (Oliver & Peersman, 2001). (Boote et al., 2008) In this article, I will look at social interventions that produce positive health outcomes and the rationale behind the intervention.
Public health interventions are plans and measures used to improve the physical and mental health of a population. Contributions can be made and received by various governmental and non-governmental organizations.
These interventions promote and encourage desired behaviors that benefit psychological and emotional well-being while improving or preventing illness or disease. An intervention can meet the standard of improving public health if it prevents disease or promotes healthy behavior.
These interventions can have an optimistic effect on public health. Common interventions include food and water supplements, vaccination, health promotion, behavioral interventions, family planning, drug use and drug use literacy, and screening programs.
This intervention can also be designed in terms of non-harmful actions to change people’s attitudes towards these behaviors.
Interventions that have received a lot of attention lately are vaccines and immunizations. In 2017, Pierre AMorgon, CEO of AJ Biologics and Regional Partner for Switzerland at Meriux Development and founder of MRGN Advisors, stated that vaccines are the most important contributor to improving global health, second only to clean water and sanitation. He explained that the vaccine undergoes rigorous tests and trials before being approved for worldwide distribution.
The challenges that health care providers face regarding vaccines and immunizations are diverse. Rebuilding or maintaining public trust should be the focus of vaccine promotion. Countering the anti-vaccination movement and misinformation is essential. Lack of belief in vaccine effectiveness, vaccine-preventable diseases and safety, public beliefs about immunization as the cause of health problems, even conspiracy theories and religious beliefs and objections. Providing a vaccine completely free of animal components is a desirable goal, providing evidence of safety and efficacy to the public (Morgon, 2017).
Vaccines are one of the most effective and widespread forms of public health intervention. These programs are managed on a consultative basis or by the central government. Vaccination has made significant efforts to reduce preventable infectious diseases and their associated transmission. In the 20th century, the widespread use of antibiotics, improved nutrition, hygiene, and vaccination contributed to the reduction of many diseases and vaccinations (Remi et al., 2015).
Vaccination is one of the most effective public health interventions in reducing the impact of infectious diseases (Ehreth, 2005). Punishing adults without symptoms is impractical. Therefore, other diseases that can be spread by people without symptoms, such as influenza, genital herpes, and hepatitis C, are protected by policies such as voluntary vaccination drives, testing protocols for sexually transmitted diseases, and needle exchange programs for IV users. .
Doctors and health workers understand that stopping the spread is usually impractical. Another problem: vaccination reduces but does not prevent the spread. Protection against infection decreases over time after three to four months, according to a large British study of more than 300,000 people (Jiang et al., 2021). As clinical studies from the US, Israel and Qatar have shown – and most Americans can now prove – there is substantial evidence that vaccinated people can contribute to and spread the spread of Covid-19.
Another important part of public health interventions and preventive medicine is the general health examination or annual health examination. This helps identify asymptomatic infections or people with unknown health risks. The main goal of screening is to identify patients at an early stage and identify risk factors so that patients can receive early treatment. Newborns are screened for genetic disorders and mothers are screened for HIV and hepatitis during pregnancy to prevent mother-to-child transmission.
Another important intervention method is health education. Practitioners who work to intervene in public health provide facts, skills, and ideas that change the cognitions, attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors of an individual or society as a whole. Community education is a strategy to implement disease prevention programs and health promotion activities. This education provides learning experiences on health topics and is often designed for target groups. It can also be used in care coordination to overcome barriers to care (Health Education Strategy [RHIhub], 2021).
In addition, epidemiology and surveillance focus on the causes and spread of infectious diseases and other health problems and preventing their spread. Participation can affect maternal and child health, drug addiction, environmental health, and other health issues. Systematic collection and analysis of data related to the health of the population, identifying sources of danger, identifying an event and others exposed to the same risk, and determining the most appropriate response to the danger.
Another important prevention experiment aimed at reducing the risk factors of non-communicable diseases among young people, such as type 2 diabetes, is HEALTH (Venditti et al., 2009) Heath intervention combining several components of physical education, behavior change, communication and promotion. Community-based promotions, such as those targeting drug users, communicate with their relatives through workshops.
This research includes efforts to inform relatives about the changes in society and to determine how relatives can help develop the necessary actions to prevent this disease. HEALTH uses peer-enhanced peer learning and the development of behavioral skills to promote healthy behavior changes in the community (Venditti et al., 2009) The combination of behavioral interventions, social education, and communication changes in a community setting is a powerful intervention in HEALTH. Tested to reduce risk factors for several diseases such as type 2 diabetes (Venditti et al., 2009).
There are many areas where public health interventions can improve with interventions that can be applied to positive population outcomes. The steps in adopting this include: study and assessment of public health, planning, implementing the plan, studying the results, making adjustments, and evaluating the results. This is an effective way to involve stakeholders, patients and the public, and demonstrate the sustainability of the introduced measures. Sustainable change is the key to effectively unlock change in a positive direction to improve the health of the entire community.